Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan (JESP) is bilingual (Bahasa Indonesia and English) peer-reviewed journal published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta in collaboration with the Association of Economics Department of Muhammadiyah Universities (APSIE PTM). Since the first issued in January 2000, JESP is publishing scientific articles consistently, both research and review articles. JESP publishes the new editions every April and October. By October 2016, JESP has published both printed (book) and electronic (PDF) versions. Electronic articles are accessible openly on the web page: and printed versions are available for sale. JESP is indexed by Google Scholar and Cros Reff. ISSN 2540-5506 (Online) and 1411-9900 (Print).